Prefile Intervention

Los Angeles Pre-Filing Intervention Defense

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Domestic violence allegations can be emotionally taxing, socially isolating, and legally complicated. In the diverse backdrop of Los Angeles, such charges can deeply impact both personal and professional spheres, casting a significant shadow even before any court judgement. At RLPC, we recognize the intricacies of domestic violence cases and are dedicated to safeguarding the rights and reputations of the accused.


What is the prosecution prefiling deferral in California?

Domestic violence stands out in the realm of criminal offenses due to its unique nature. Unlike other offenses, it’s the relationship between the perpetrator and the victim that defines and elevates an act to domestic violence. This area of criminal law is multifaceted, covering a broad spectrum of offenses, from physical and emotional to sexual and financial abuse. The laws surrounding domestic violence in Los Angeles and California at large are stringent, reflecting society’s push to protect vulnerable individuals.

The Crucial Role of Relationship in Domestic Violence

While many actions can be considered violent or abusive, domestic violence specifically pertains to those acts committed against individuals with whom the perpetrator shares a close, personal relationship. This intimate connection distinguishes domestic violence from other criminal acts.

Types of Offenses under Domestic Violence

Domestic violence isn’t confined to just physical abuse. The spectrum includes:

  • Physical Violence: Inflicting bodily harm or injury.
  • Emotional Abuse: Manipulation, threats, and psychological torment.
  • Sexual Violence: Non-consensual acts or forced encounters.
  • Financial Abuse: Withholding resources or forcing financial dependency.

In many situations, victims describe a recurrent cycle of violence, making the issue even more complex and deeply rooted.

Specific Relationships Recognized under Domestic Violence Laws

Under Section 273.5 of the California Penal Code, specific relationships bring an offense under the umbrella of domestic violence:

  • A spouse or ex-spouse
  • A current or former romantic partner
  • A current or former cohabitant
  • The parent of your child

To secure a conviction under this section, the prosecution has the responsibility to prove that the defendant willfully caused harm and shared one of the described relationships with the victim.

Penalty Enhancements Based on Relationship and Severity

While many domestic violence cases result in misdemeanor charges, certain factors can elevate these to felony status, leading to more severe penalties:

  • Nature of Injury: More grievous bodily harm can result in higher penalties.
  • Presence of Minors: Committing an act in the presence of children can increase penalties.
  • Use of Weapons: The use or brandishing of a weapon during the act can lead to more severe charges.
  • Prior Convictions: Previous convictions for domestic violence or other related crimes can result in enhanced penalties.

The Importance of Legal Counsel

Domestic violence charges in California carry significant implications. Accusations alone can impact one’s reputation, relationships, and future opportunities. Given the seriousness and potential complexity, it’s imperative to seek expert legal representation. An experienced Los Angeles domestic violence lawyer can help dissect the nuances of the case, challenge evidence, and guide the accused through the legal maze.

Cases We Handle

Types of Prefile Intervention Cases We Handle

Domestic violence is a broad term that encompasses a myriad of offenses, each carrying its unique implications and consequences. At Rubin Law, P.C., we have represented clients across a wide range of domestic violence cases, affirming our commitment to safeguarding the rights of the accused and ensuring a just outcome. Here’s a deep dive into the various types of domestic violence cases we’ve encountered and the intricacies they hold.

1. Domestic Battery: A charge most commonly associated with domestic violence, domestic battery involves any intentional and unlawful physical contact inflicted on a spouse, cohabitant, or intimate partner. While it might not necessarily lead to visible injuries, the act itself is enough to warrant a charge.

2. Criminal Threats: Making a threat that instills fear in another person, with the capability and intention to carry it out, constitutes a criminal threat. Verbal, written, or electronically transmitted threats all fall under this category.

3. Stalking: When an individual repeatedly follows, harasses, or threatens another, leading the latter to fear for their safety, it is labeled as stalking. This includes unwanted attention, gifts, or communication.

4. Harassment: Harassment goes beyond just stalking. It refers to any unwanted behaviors, communications, or actions that disturb or threaten a victim, often resulting in emotional distress.

5. Cyber-stalking: With the digital age in full swing, cyber-stalking has emerged as a significant concern. It involves using electronic communication means, such as email or social media, to stalk or harass an individual or group.

6. Violating a Protective Order: Disobeying the conditions of a court-issued protective or restraining order, whether knowingly or unknowingly, can lead to severe legal repercussions.

7. Child Abuse: This pertains to any physical, emotional, or sexual abuse directed towards a child. It also includes neglect or any action that puts a child in harm’s way.

8. Child Endangerment: Distinct from child abuse, child endangerment involves placing a child in a situation where they might be at risk, even if no actual harm befalls the child.

9. Elder Abuse: Elder abuse covers any physical, emotional, or financial mistreatment of an individual aged 65 or older. This can also include neglect or endangerment.

10. Posting Damaging Information Online: Sharing or posting harmful, false, or private information about someone without their consent, leading to emotional or reputational damage, is an emerging concern in the digital age.


Domestic violence is a complex arena with various offenses, each carrying its unique legal implications. At RLPC, our extensive experience across this spectrum ensures a comprehensive defense strategy tailored to the nuances of each case type. If you or someone you know is facing charges related to any of the aforementioned offenses, seeking expert legal counsel can make a significant difference in ensuring a just and fair outcome.


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